Freedom of opinion, expression and press are human rights protected by Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, and the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Freedom of the press is a means for the public to obtain information and communicate, in order to fulfill essential needs and improve the quality of human life. In realizing press freedom, journalists are also aware of the interests of the nation, social responsibility, community diversity, and religious norms.
In carrying out its functions, rights, obligations and roles, the press respects the human rights of everyone, therefore the press is required to be professional and open to be controlled by the public.
To guarantee press freedom and fulfill the public’s right to obtain correct information, Indonesian journalists need a moral and professional ethical foundation as operational guidelines in maintaining public trust and upholding integrity and professionalism. On that basis, journalists establish and adhere to the Journalistic Code of Ethics: